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In terms of technology, humanity has progressed immensely in the past fifty years. The computer revolution shook the world and changed the way we see the world. In the span of only a few decades, our lives have taken on a new, digital dimension, which has become equally as important as our everyday, real life. Careers like programming became incredibly popular, and AI systems, which can help us perform complex tasks, are becoming more and more capable of doing so. Throughout this digital history, programmers have tried to come up with the best programming language for coding, and there are many in use right now. However, if programming is your hobby or your passion, you might not be able to use just any program. Luckily, open-source languages are just the thing for beginner programmers, as well as for more advanced ones.

What is open-source?

For one, open-source software needs to be free, but it also needs to be free for distribution, with no restriction based on usage. Moreover, it needs to be usable and accessible anywhere in the world. Finally, the license for the software cannot be tied to a certain product, especially in the case of open-source programming languages, where they have to be able to be utilized for making any software.

1. PHP

We cannot discuss programming languages, without mentioning this colossal figure in the programming world, which has been present for twenty-five years. Of course, new versions were created, to follow the development of other software, but the key components of this web-based language, including its simple syntax and straight-forward procedures, maintained its status as an easy and reliable language to learn.

2. JavaScript

When browsing the Internet, this is the language you will most often come across, as JavaScript is responsible for your browsing experience, and according to GitHub’s statistics, JavaScript is the most popular programming language in terms of the number of pull requests. There is also a big community formed around this language that can help you, should you encounter any issues while working with JavaScript.

3. Python

This language, which is very intuitive and easy to use, was not intended for serious programming at first –it was meant to be used for learning computer science. However, its simple and neat appearance makes it very desirable for programmers. Its applications are mostly in data science, but Python can be used anywhere from applications to complex calculations.

4. Ruby

If you consider Python to be elegant and simple, you should bear in mind that Ruby was designed to be sleeker and easier to use than Python. There are no unnecessary symbols or commands, so you can do wonders with very few lines of code. The Ruby community is not very big, but there are tons of resources where everything is very well explained.

5. GO

This language is relatively new, compared to the other ones on this list, and it was intended to gradually replace C. It has in itself the simplicity of C, and it is driven by Google, which promises a bright future for this programming language.